Dating yixing teapots
Yixing teapots have been in nearly continuous production wars being the primary cause of discontinuity since the Song dynasty, reaching the height of their production during the Qing dynasty, before the market became flooded with teapots made from other clays. The increase in price and rarity of real yixings of known provenance has caused a ripe market for fakes — often an expensive mistake for new and experienced practitioners alike. Simple fakes are often made from clays other than Yixing, and are not particularly hard to identify. Most yixing teapots were made by students and apprentices of masters, who learned to make teapots by copying the designs of the masters before them. Thus, most master made pots would have been copied at least 10 times by students in training, using identical clay and equipment. Are all of these teapots fakes?SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How the Masters Make A Classic Yixing Teapot
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Yixing Teapot Master Introduction Series-5 - Tang Zhaoxia, Li Qun, Yao ZhiyuanContent:
Everything you need to know about Yixing pottery
Yixing teapots have been in nearly continuous production wars being the primary cause of discontinuity since the Song dynasty, reaching the height of their production during the Qing dynasty, before the market became flooded with teapots made from other clays.
The increase in price and rarity of real yixings of known provenance has caused a ripe market for fakes — often an expensive mistake for new and experienced practitioners alike.
Simple fakes are often made from clays other than Yixing, and are not particularly hard to identify. Most yixing teapots were made by students and apprentices of masters, who learned to make teapots by copying the designs of the masters before them.
Thus, most master made pots would have been copied at least 10 times by students in training, using identical clay and equipment. Are all of these teapots fakes? Do yixings need to be master made to be real? No — they simply need to improve the tea you decide to pair with it to be used within GongFu. Thus, even if one knows how to determine the composition of the clay yixing vs.
A practitioner of tea who wishes to purchase yixing for GongFu must learn a set of methods to separate real from fake. This first post will explain.
With very few exceptions, all yixing teapots are hand built as yixing clay is too crumbly and dry to turn on a wheel. Wheel throwing will leave a slight circular pattern on either the inside or outside of the pot. A real yixing should not have any mold marks from a cast, not fungus — if you do find fungus, consider purchasing a different teapot inside the teapot seams and stems.
These stress marks appear as small sets of lines oriented perpendicular to the direction of stretch. These pores are within the clay, which means that you should not be able to rub the patina off easily , and the skin of the pot should not be greasy or streaked. The patina should not flow or change when hot water is poured over the teapot such as when you LingHu. The skin of a yixing should be smooth, but not glossy.
The inside of a yixing should not be perfect and smooth; there should be scrapes and visible hand casting marks on the inside. This effect should not be confused with artistic veins added to yixings shaped like organic logs, fruits, or gourds,. A real yixing should be the same color throughout the clay inside the lid whole, inside the spout — color variations are the sign of uneven firing, addition of coloring agents, and sometimes paint or glaze.
You should be purchasing a yixing for the effect it will have on the tea that you brew. Purchasing teapots for most other reasons, including collection is 1 beyond the scope of what I focus on and 2 not in the spirit of GongFu.
The effect that any given teapot has on your tea is far more important than who made it, the type of clay or the exact firing temperature. These details help you understand the why — but you must practice the how. The individuals making fake yixings and the vendors selling fake yixings are very good at what they do — practice your identification skills with a teacher before making big purchases. Thanks on your very informative articles. I have a small collection of Zisha teapot which I brought in the late eighties.
May I know how or where I can get it identify on their authenticity. Many thanks. Your email address will not be published. Basic Signs of a Fake Yixing With very few exceptions, all yixing teapots are hand built as yixing clay is too crumbly and dry to turn on a wheel. This effect should not be confused with artistic veins added to yixings shaped like organic logs, fruits, or gourds, A real yixing should be the same color throughout the clay inside the lid whole, inside the spout — color variations are the sign of uneven firing, addition of coloring agents, and sometimes paint or glaze.
Considerations You should be purchasing a yixing for the effect it will have on the tea that you brew. What are you Tasting? Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
Basic Verification of Yixing Teapots
Yi Xing Teapots Characteristics. How to Identify an Authentic Yixing Teapot. How to Choose a Yixing Teapot.
While archaeological excavations in red and this yixing clay was just teapots and are better. Ann rosenthal porcelain - yixing teapots - of shanghai. Truly, dating back to the special purple clay teapot if it is an aromatic beverage commonly used for traditional chinese art, ca. Some people can only be quite functional. Town in dating from the vein effect in china, are made from yixing clay,
Seals and Incripstions on Yixing pots
Yixing County, in the southern part of Jiangsu Province, has been the center of Chinese teapot production since the Song Dynasty High quality Yixing clay comes from along the banks of Lake Tai near Nanjing. Refined and fired to a high temperature it produces a slightly absorbent pottery highly regarded by tea lovers. A good Yixing teapot should pour evenly from the pot, have a porcelaneous ring to it when struck, come with a very snug fitting lid and, if the lid has a ventilation hole in it, will stop pouring when you put your finger over it. Since the clay will absorb some of the aroma of the tea over the years, and thus enhance the flavor, it is important to drink only one kind of tea out of it. If the tea pot has any age to it, it should have a distinct residue of old tea inside. The clay used for Yixing pottery is called Zisha "Purple clay" despite the fact that it is not always purple in color wether unfired or fired. The high content of metallic oxides in the clay body resulted in wares ranging from purple to beige or green, the variation in color being caused by differences in kiln temperature and atmosphere. Yixing Buccaro Characters in the decoration: Long Men Dragon Gate.
Chinese Porcelain Marks
They are most typically four words constructions, although sometimes you might have six or even other arrangements. The reading order for the characters is top right, bottom right, top left, bottom left. There are exceptions to this, but the order above is easily the most common. Hui Mengchen is the name of a famous potter in the Qing dynasty, and for some reason or another, his name is often used for pots.
Identification of teapot marks is outside the scope of this site. Yixing teapots and other Yixing wares are mentioned this site due to many queries, but please understand that an identification of Yixing marks is not possible at this time. We do not have access to mark resources or other information pertaining to Yixing tea wares. Yixing teapots are basically earthenware, not porcelain, and their production methods are been quite different from other ceramics.
Dating Yixing Teapot
The design of the pots is equally wide-ranging — from whimsical Victorian follies shaped after animals or flowers to Art Deco futurist models conjuring up race cars and airplanes, or the back-to-earth functionalism of the Great Depression. But when it comes to serious tea drinking, many connoisseurs swear by Yixing teapots: nothing else will do. Tea drinking in China has been a tradition since the Tang dynasty, when the 8th-century sage Lu Yu wrote the Cha Jing, the Classic of Tea, expounding on the origin, history, production and drinking of the fragrant leaf. Teapots from Yixing, in the coastal province of Jiangsu, north of Shanghai, were being made in the 16th century, and possibly earlier.
Tweet This. Yixing is a town on the Taihu Lake of Jiangsu Province in China that is known as the ceramic capital of China, because of the purple clay exclusively found in this area. This city has a long tradition of producing Yixing teapots possibly beginning in the Song Dynasty dating back to Instances of the teapot being mentioned in poetry dating from this time period have also been noted. Much more evidence exist that the Yixing teapot was developed in the Ming Dynasty dating back to Zhou Gao Qi, a writer who lived during the Ming Dynasty authored an account on the development and production of Yixing teapots.
Serious Teapots for Serious Drinkers
Despite its beauty, individuality and variety of design, the red or brown unglazed stoneware produced at Yixing in Jiangsu Province has received less attention than other branches of Chinese ceramic art. The Yixing potters have always specialized in the making of teapots, whose use became widespread during the Ming period as a result of the innovation of making tea from rolled leaves, rather than using it in the fine-ground, powdered from in which it had previously been supplied. Account Options Login. Koleksiku Bantuan Penelusuran Buku Lanjutan. Dapatkan buku cetak. Hong Kong University Press Amazon.
The hills to the southeast of the county are endowed with rich clay deposits, and the centre of pottery-making is located around the small towns of Dingshan and Shushan, now known collectively as Dingshuzhen. Yixing teapots are all hand-made rather than being thrown on the wheel. The hard clay is pounded with a heavy wooden mallet into a slab, and the bodies of the teapots can be made in three basic techniques: segmented teapots are press-moulded; round teapots are paddled, and square teapots are made by the slab method. Specialised tools of wood, bamboo, metal and horn, created through the centuries, are used during the process.
I have a question reguarding some of the old pots. Some of them don't come with any filters, so I was wondering if there's any way to substitude them. I know you wrote before about your filterless pot which you cleaned with the toothpick, however I've seen a couple of old pots which had small metal filters in them and I was wondering where can i find some of those. If you have any info, let me know.
Please read this post. I am trying to identify a Yixing teapots crop marks. I you can help respond to me at weldins2 charter. I have a very unusual tea set that I know is old and am trying to identify.
Yixing teapots have been the subject of collection since Ming Dynasty. Each piece of work by famous masters were treated like treasure and guarded jealously. Such trends are brought about by the craze over tea drinking, which started in Song Dynasty. In those days, teapots were bought for use rather than for collecting or display. Gradually, in the late 15th century, people begin to appreciate Yixing teapots and hordes of collectors start to appear.
Нацисты сконструировали потрясающую шифровальную машину, которую назвали Энигма. Она была похожа на самую обычную старомодную пишущую машинку с медными взаимосвязанными роторами, вращавшимися сложным образом и превращавшими открытый текст в запутанный набор на первый взгляд бессмысленных групп знаков.
Только с помощью еще одной точно так же настроенной шифровальной машины получатель текста мог его прочесть. Беккер слушал как завороженный. Учитель превратился в ученика. Однажды вечером на университетском представлении Щелкунчика Сьюзан предложила Дэвиду вскрыть шифр, который можно было отнести к числу базовых.
Фонтейн, которого он знал, был внимателен к мелочам и требовал самой полной информации. Он всегда поощрял сотрудников к анализу и прояснению всяческих нестыковок в каждодневных делах, какими бы незначительными они ни казались. И вот теперь он требует, чтобы они проигнорировали целый ряд очень странных совпадений.
Очевидно, директор что-то скрывает, но Бринкерхоффу платили за то, чтобы он помогал, а не задавал вопросы.