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Find a womans maiden name

Researching female ancestors is a challenge for many reasons, not the least of which is the status of women in earlier times, which limited their rights and prevented their names from appearing in official records. The issue has been further complicated with the practice of women taking their husband's name after marriage, in many ways erasing her past. And the further back we go, when less is known on a first-hand basis, the more complicated the task. However, there are many records that can reveal the maiden names of our female ancestors and many others that can be used in combination to suggest and confirm.

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Tracing Women Identifying Maiden Names (National Institute)

A maiden name is a surname given to a woman when she is born. Today, a woman usually keeps this surname until she gets married, in which case she has the option of keeping this name or becoming known by her husband's surname - e.

Mary Smith married John Jones and could choose to keep her maiden name in which case she would still be known as Mary Smith or she could take on her husband's surname and become known as Mary Jones. In earlier centuries, however, women usually took on their husband's surnames when they married. For this reason, discovering women's maiden names is not always straightforward because they left behind their maiden names when they married.

One of the best ways of tracing a woman's maiden name is by perusing a marriage certificate or a birth certificate of one of her children. A birth certificate contains the father's and mother's names, which usually includes the maiden name of the mother.

If the child was illegitimate , however, the father's name was not usually mentioned, with the certificate only mentioning the mother's name and surname. This surname was normally her maiden name. I have come across an occasion, however, where this was not the case because Elizabeth Dammant married William Barker, then going on to marry Samuel Cole.

She had children with Samuel, and the birth certificate of her daughter Harriet implied that Barker was her maiden name when this was not the case, so watch out for circumstances like this. A marriage certificate mentions the names of both the bride and groom. The bride's surname would normally be her maiden name but if she had been married previously, this may be her previous husband's surname. It is still possible to discover her maiden name, however, because her father's surname, which is usually mentioned on the certificate, is normally her maiden name.

If, after a woman has married, and the marriage did not eventually work out, and the couple divorced, the woman may regain her original maiden name after her divorce, so if you are trying to discover if she had remarried, it is prudent to check under both her previous husband's surname and her maiden surname.

If you have hit a brick wall, and cannot find your grandparent or great-grandparent's maiden name, it could be worthwhile to check the names of her descendants because some families passed down the surname of an ancestor in the name even though it may not appear to be so. For example, although Oliver is predominantly known as a boy's name, in the case of Joseph Oliver Adams, he was named as such because his ancestor was Elizabeth Oliver.

If you have found a family in a census return , it is important to also check their neighbours because sometimes you find that the daughter, when she married, did not move far from the family home. Although you have a clue as to the woman's maiden name, it is still worth ascertaining whether this is really the case by checking the GRO Index to see if you can find a marriage between these two people, or if before , checking parish registers.

Sometimes you may find that the mother-in-law or father-in-law is living with the family, which may give you a clue with regard to the woman's maiden name. You may also find that the wife's unmarried brother or sister is living with the family, but be warned, sometimes the wife's brother or sister is listed as being related to the head of the house.

If you have a clue as to the date of birth or place of birth of your ancestor from a census return, it is possible to search on a site such as FreeBMD, Ancestry or Findmypast using only a first name. For example, I knew from the Census that my ancestor Isaac Dunkley had married a lady called Jane, and had had children between and and that they were living in Roade, Northamptonshire.

Using this information I could ascertain that they had probably married between and , so knew to concentrate my search for their marriage between these two dates. I then inputted this search into FreeBMD.

This research showed that there was only one record during this time period, which was Isaac Dunkley marrying Jane Jannett in the Apr-Jun quarter of Going back to Ancestry, and adding Jane's maiden name to the search brought up one record - that of Isaac Dunkley marrying Jane Jannett on 26 September in Courteenhall, Northamptonshire, which is close to Roade.

Wanting to add further proof that Jane Jannett was indeed my ancestor, I then, using the GRO Index, searched for my grandfather Herbert Dunkley, finding that the entry in the January-March quarter of proved his mother's maiden name was Jannett. I had finally tracked down my ancestor's maiden name. This method worked well for me because my ancestor had a relatively uncommon name, but it may be more difficult to utilise this method if your male ancestor's name was John Smith.

It is incredibly important to ensure that you have found the right person before adding them to your tree. Sometimes family bibles can include information that can help you to determine the mother's maiden name. For example, my family has a family bible that was given to Mary Florence Adams on her 21st birthday. In that bible, she noted down her marriage date in the front and the birth dates and names of her children in the back including their surname , which helped us to determine that it was my great-grandmother's bible.

Further research determined that Mary Florence Adams had married Henry Thomas Richardson on 16 December Mary had altered the marriage date by a year because she was pregnant when she married. Some military records sometimes mention the maiden name of the woman if her husband had died in the war.

If he was entitled to a pension, this record usually mentions the maiden name of the wife and their marriage date. The pension record may also list any children that were born to the marriage, which could include children you were unaware of. Your ancestor's marriage may have been mentioned in the newspaper, with this usually listing the name of the bride and groom, and their usual places of residence.

Memorial Inscriptions can also help you to track down the mother's maiden name because sometimes a married daughter is buried with her parents, and this is mentioned on the gravestone, thus giving you her maiden name, which can help you to find the correct marriage entry in the register.

This is especially helpful if you are searching for an ancestor in earlier centuries. Wills can sometimes help you to track down a woman's maiden name. Many testators bequeathed their worldly goods in their wills, and usually gave these goods to their sons and daughters along the lines of 'I give and bequeath unto my daughter Jane, wife of William Smith If you are tracing a woman's maiden name prior to , it can be more difficult to trace her name.

You have to rely on parish registers prior to when civil registration began on 1st July Some parish registers give more detail than others, with some vicars adding the maiden surname of a woman to a baptism record, such as the vicar of Kirton, Suffolk in the late eighteenth century.

Some vicars went a stage further, with William Dade, a Yorkshire clergyman in the eighteenth century, believing that as much information as possible should be included in the register. These registers give much more detail, which includes:. If the family had not moved from their original village before having children, you may find that there is a record of a marriage a few years or months!! Although you may have found the marriage record, it may still be prudent to note down the names of the witnesses to the marriage because this may help you to track down other relatives you did not know existed.

Top 10 Sources for Locating Maiden Names

This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this website you agree to our cookie policy. Try these simple tricks to pinpoint your female ancestors' elusive family names. Tracing your female ancestors can be a challenge since almost all women took their husband's family name when they were married.

Are you still looking for an elusive maiden name in your family tree? Here are three new suggestions to help you uncover it and discover a new family line. Click Here to listen to the weekly podcast.

A woman's maiden name can usually be found on any of the documents listed below. If you have the minimum information required to find one of these documents, select the name of that document. The items in the list are ordered from most to least important. If you do not have the minimum information required, read the paragraph below this list.

Five Tips for Learning Women’s Maiden Names

A maiden name is a surname given to a woman when she is born. Today, a woman usually keeps this surname until she gets married, in which case she has the option of keeping this name or becoming known by her husband's surname - e. Mary Smith married John Jones and could choose to keep her maiden name in which case she would still be known as Mary Smith or she could take on her husband's surname and become known as Mary Jones. In earlier centuries, however, women usually took on their husband's surnames when they married. For this reason, discovering women's maiden names is not always straightforward because they left behind their maiden names when they married. One of the best ways of tracing a woman's maiden name is by perusing a marriage certificate or a birth certificate of one of her children. A birth certificate contains the father's and mother's names, which usually includes the maiden name of the mother.

Finding Maiden Names

It is perfectly legal for a woman in Scotland to continue to use her maiden surname or use her husband's surname. In the past, many women would use both surnames but this is not very practical in the modern world. It was not normally a tradition for Scottish women to use their maiden surname as a middle name after marriage. Use of double barrelled surnames to incorporate the maiden surname is rare. McTavish was Jean's maiden name, McAlpine was her husband's name.

Their day-to-day struggles may not surface in history books, but their legacy lives on in the generations that followed them. Finding the maiden names of the women in our tree is one obstacle that needs to be overcome.

Discovering the maiden name of a female ancestor can sometimes be difficult, but can lead to a whole new branch of your family tree — new surnames , new families, and new connections. Try these ten sources for clues to the maiden names of women in your family tree. The most likely place to locate a woman's maiden name is on her marriage record. These can include not only the marriage license, but also the marriage certificate, marriage announcements, marriage banns, and marriage bonds.

Maiden and married names

When a person traditionally the wife in many cultures assumes the family name of their spouse , that name replaces the person's previous surname , which in the case of the wife is called the maiden name birth name is also used as a gender-neutral or masculine substitute for maiden name , whereas a married name is a family name or surname adopted by a person upon marriage. In Scotland it is legal and not unusual for a woman to retain her maiden name after marriage. In point of fact if a woman's family was more 'influential' than the groom then he sometimes took his bride's family name. In some jurisdictions, changing one's name requires a legal procedure.

In order to locate information about your female answers, you will want to peruse a variety of public records. Before you begin your search either online or offline, there is a very useful reference book I highly recommend:. This book gives a state-by-state guide for the U. It is available from GenealogyStore. With the anticipation of locating a maiden name, check all associated birth, death and divorce records for the woman, as well as for her siblings and children. The good news-many types of records or other sources of genealogical evidence are either now available online, indexed online with digital images pending, or easily ordered online from archives and libraries.

Maiden name

The following article was written by my good friend, William Dollarhide. Discovering the maiden name of a female is often the biggest problem we have in genealogy. Whether you are researching your families in person, through the mail, or by Googling the Internet for sources, the basic search is still the same. As in all research tasks, we need to identify the possible places where such a record exists, but in particular, find the place where an actual document may exist that mentions the birth name of a woman. Here is a basic checklist of some places to look:. If you have found a document not on the above list that mentions the maiden name of a woman, please let us know about it in the comments section below.

Women's names present a special problem. You may find women under their maiden (birth) or married name, or even the name of a prior husband. You want to.

As an example, John Smith a. John Taylor. This situation might occur, for instance, when John Smith had been adopted by a Taylor and was known by both names.

Learning Zone - Use of Maiden Surnames in Scotland

Время от времени, когда надо было продлить членство в теннисном клубе или перетянуть старую фирменную ракетку, он подрабатывал переводами для правительственных учреждений в Вашингтоне и его окрестностях. В связи с одной из таких работ он и познакомился со Сьюзан.

В то прохладное осеннее утро у него был перерыв в занятиях, и после ежедневной утренней пробежки он вернулся в свою трехкомнатную университетскую квартиру. Войдя, Дэвид увидел мигающую лампочку автоответчика.

How to find the maiden names of women in your family tree

Наверняка Беккер не настолько глуп. Единственная спиральная лестница упиралась в каменную камеру квадратной формы, в стенах были проделаны узкие прорези для обозрения, но, разумеется, никакого выхода он не. Дэвид Беккер поднялся на последнюю крутую ступеньку и, едва держась на ногах, шагнул в крошечную каменную клетку.

Со всех сторон его окружали высокие стены с узкими прорезями по всему периметру.

Он, как обычно, записал имена жертв. Контакты на кончиках пальцев замкнулись, и на линзах очков, подобно бестелесным духам, замелькали буквы.

Дэвид… - всхлипывала.  - Дэвид. В этот момент в нескольких метрах под помещением шифровалки Стратмор сошел с лестницы на площадку. Сегодняшний день стал для него днем сплошных фиаско.

Рано или поздно, - продолжала она, - народ должен вверить кому-то свою судьбу. В нашей стране происходит много хорошего, но немало и плохого. Кто-то должен иметь возможность оценивать и отделять одно от другого.

В этом и заключается наша работа. Это наш долг.

Мой человек отнимет. - И что. - Какое вам дело? - холодно произнес американец.

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